Primary Years Program of The International Baccalaureate® (IB)

The Primary Years Programme (PYP) is for students aged 3-12. Currently there are 1,266 schools offering the PYP in 106 different countries worldwide.
The PYP prepares students to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both within and beyond the classroom. The PYP curriculum contains three key components,which explain how students learn, how educators teach, and the principles and practice of effective assessment within the program.

It prepares students for the intellectual challenges of further education and their future careers, focusing on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world outside.

OA will develop students’ academic, social and emotional well being, focusing on international-mindedness and strong personal values. The PYP nurtures independent learning skills, encouraging every student to take responsibility for their learning. The program incorporates local and global issues into the curriculum, asking students to look at six related, transdisciplinary themes and to consider the links between them. These themes include who we are (e.g., inquiry into the nature of the self and characteristics), where we are in place and time (e.g., inquiry into human history from local and global perspectives), how we express ourselves (e.g., inquiry into how we discover and express feelings and ideas), how the world works (e.g., discovering how human societies interact with the natural world), how we organize ourselves (e.g., how our communities are organized and interact), and sharing the planet (e.g., inquiry into sharing finite resources and creating equal opportunities).

It provides the school with a curriculum framework of essential elements — the knowledge, concepts, skills, attitudes, and action that young students need to equip them for successful lives, both now and in the future.

The PYP aims to create a curriculum that is engaging, relevant, challenging and significant for learners in the 3–12 age range. The curriculum is transdisciplinary, meaning that it focuses on issues that go across subject areas. The PYP is organized according to:

  • The written curriculum, which explains what PYP students will learn
  • The taught curriculum, which sets out how educators teach the PYP
  • The assessed curriculum, which details the principles and practice of effective assessment in the PYP.

The International Baccalaureate® (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) balances the acquisition of significant and relevant knowledge and skills, the development of conceptual understanding, the formation of personal, positive attitudes and the capacity to take responsible actions. The PYP:

  • addresses students’ academic needs and their social and emotional well-being
  • encourages students to develop independence and to take responsibility for their own learning
  • supports students’ effort to gain understanding of the world and to function effectively within it
  • helps students to establish personal values as a foundation on which international-mindedness will flourish.

The written curriculum, outlined below, is made up of five essential elements and details what students will learn:

1. knowledge, which is both disciplinary, represented by traditional subject areas (language, math, science, social studies, arts, PSPE) and transdisci- plinary
2. concepts, which students explore through structured inquiry in order to
develop coherent, in-depth understanding, and which have relevance both
within and beyond subject areas
3. skills, which are the broad capabilities students develop and apply during learning and in life beyond the classroom
4. attitudes, which contribute to international-mindedness and the wellbeing of individuals and learning communities, and connect directly to the IB learner
profile action, which is an expectation in the PYP that successful inquiry leads to responsible, thoughtful and appropriate action.

The taught curriculum is the part of the International Baccalaureate© (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) that sets out its pedagogical approach. It identifies how schools should teach the PYP written curriculum.

The PYP is committed to structured, purposeful inquiry that engages students actively in their own learning. The program supports students’ efforts to construct meaning from the world around them by

  • drawing on their prior knowledge
  • providing provocation through new experiences
  • providing opportunities for reflection and consolidation.

This approach respects students’ developing ideas about how the world works. It encourages them to question, consider and refine their understanding of the social and natural world. Collaboration is a key part of planning for schools implementing the PYP. All teachers are engaged in the planning process, defining the curriculum’s central ideas, discussing how best to bring inquiry into those ideas in the classroom, and finding ways to meet the needs and interests of every student.
The International Baccalaureate© (IB) Primary Years Programme (PYP) provides the exact pedagogy that Olivet Academy embodies through its heritage from Olivet University but is scaled to a younger student and develops through grade 12 in preparation for college and life.

Grade by grade integrated themes and academic expectations
Olivet Academy provides a concept-based curriculum that is integrated across subject areas – literacy (English and Language Studies), mathematics, bible studies, social studies, social and emotional learning, arts, science, technology and health/physical education.
Teachers collaborate on units of study and project-based learning
scenarios where inquiry is guided in a purposeful way toward solving student-identified problems and student generated solutions are presented to authentic audiences. Presentations will emphasize process as much as product and allow children to reflect on their learning and provide opportunities to give and receive feedback.
Curriculum program elements will include:

  • Seeking of truth through academic process and Socratic dialogue
  • Fostering diverse multicultural backgrounds
  • Public speaking
  • Design thinking/project based curriculum
  • Co- curricular activities (sports and the arts)
  • Language fluency

The entire program will connect through three central and universal themes and concepts that spiral through the curriculum PK-Grade 12:

  • Pattern recognition
  • Building systems
  • Scaling community

Each discipline will have their own scope and sequence of skills for instruction and assessment. The developmental scope and sequence will be informed by National and International standards of best practice. The integrated curriculum will allow for these skills to be used to create meaningful communication of new knowledge and deep understanding of content.

Initially, the Academy will anchor all of its instruction in established curriculum models as the faculty develops the pedagogy and curriculum of the PYP program and collaborative and integrated planning practices. These anchor curricula provide resources, professional development and clear scope and sequence aligned with state and national standards and were chosen for their emphasis on critical thinking and problem-solving.